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Meet the Socialists (Chapter 4)

“Democracy will cease to exist when you take away from those who are willing to work and give to those who would not.”[1]


                                                Thomas Jefferson



A cover of Newsweek magazine declared, “We are all Socialists Now.”[2]  The National Review featured Obama on its cover with the headline, “Our Socialist Future.”[3]


While these declarations are slightly premature, they do illustrate an undeniable movement in American government toward socialism.  Government is getting bigger, industry is becoming more controlled, more wealth is being transferred to the underclass, and individual liberty and accountability are diminishing.  America’s drift toward socialism was turbocharged with the election of Barack Obama to the Presidency.  This chapter will demonstrate that Obama has been immersed in a continuous socialist milieu since his birth.  He has no significant experience in the private sector.  His professional experience has been primarily rooted in the public sector.  Accordingly, the early initiatives of his administration are moving us further down the socialistic path of wealth redistribution and government control of the economy.


Let’s begin with a brief definition of socialism.  Socialism is a system of social organization in which the means of producing and distributing goods are either owned collectively or by a centralized government that plans and controls the economy.  In Marxist theory, it is the intermediate stage between capitalism and communism, in which the proletariat has not yet achieved full collective ownership of the economy.  The Marxist phrase, “From each according to his abilities, to each according to his needs,” succinctly defines socialism and communism.[4]


This chapter uses the terms socialism, communism, collectivism, and Marxism interchangeably.  While these terms have specific technical definitions that distinguish one from another, it is sufficient for our purposes to recognize them as similar points bunched near the end of the political spectrum where the state controls the economy and the distribution of wealth.  At the opposite end of this spectrum is capitalism and constitutional republicanism, where the role of the state is primarily to protect individual rights and private property. 


The interchangeable use of these Marxist terms is necessary, partly because many of the sources referenced in this chapter use the terms loosely, and partly because certain disingenuous people who are trying to avoid these labels for political reasons rely on definitional loopholes to dodge around them and between them.  In the end, these terms all represent the same politico-economic intent.   No matter their precise definition, socialism, communism, Marxism, and collectivism all define a desire to transform society away from individual rights and private property toward collective rights and collective property.   


Socialists are not new to America.  They have tried to gain a foothold here for more than a century.  Their attempts have historically not fared well, because socialism is anathema to America’s founding principles.  Until recently, socialism has been generally contrary to the spirit of Americans.  The election of Obama and a radical Congress may represent a fundamental shift in the American political and economic paradigm.  In contrast, the TEA Party movement and the resurgence of conservatism represent a fundamental affirmation of America’s founding principles.  It remains to be seen which movement will ultimately hold sway.  The future of our country depends heavily on which direction the middle class leans.




The Socialist Party in America was born at the turn of the 20th Century and grew rapidly in its early years.  From 1900 to 1920, charismatic leader Eugene Debs ran for President on the Socialist ticket.  During those two decades, membership in the Socialist Party increased dramatically.  In 1912 alone, Debs was marked on 900,000 ballots, which equated to six percent of the presidential votes cast.  Also that year, hundreds of state and local officials and legislators were elected as socialists around the country.  At the time, there were at least 300 socialist periodicals with hundreds of thousands of subscribers.  Much of this momentum was a reaction to the coercive influence of large, monopolistic corporations.   


During this era, the 16th Amendment to the Constitution was ratified.  This amendment empowered the Federal Government to levy income taxes on individual taxpayers, initially at a maximum tax rate of 7%.  As the decades unfolded, the ability to directly tax citizens enabled the drift toward Big Government and socialism.   Other building blocks for the future expansion of Federal Government power were established during this period, including the Interstate Commerce Commission, the Federal Reserve System, and the Federal Trade Commission.  Several presidents during this era classified themselves as Progressives, a term that indicated sympathy with initiatives of the socialist movement.


The Socialist Party’s popularity waned after WWI because of government suppression and public disapproval.  The 1917 Bolshevik revolution in Russia, bombings in the United States, and a series of labor strikes led to the Red Scare in 1919.  Citizens suspected of being Marxists were jailed.  Meanwhile, the wild economic expansion of the Roaring Twenties seemed to validate capitalism and render socialism irrelevant. 


Even when the stock market collapsed in 1929 and the nation plunged into the Great Depression, socialists struggled to regain their clout.  During the election of 1932, the Socialist and Communist parties, despite arguing that capitalism had failed, pulled less than one million votes combined.  It is likely that Roosevelt, with his proto-socialistic New Deal, co-opted any momentum that the Marxists would have otherwise enjoyed.   


Even though the socialists were not successful politically, they had an impact culturally.  Elements of Roosevelt’s New Deal, such as Social Security and widespread public works programs, were actually significant steps toward socialism.  In FDR’s words, Throughout the nation, men and women, forgotten in the political philosophy of the government of the last years, look to us here for guidance and for more equitable opportunity to share in the distribution of national wealth.”[5] 


F.A. Hayek, in his 1944 book The Road to Serfdom, coined the term “creeping socialism” to describe America’s drift toward a socialistic society during the New Deal.[6]  Hayek warned that governmental controls on society and on the means of production did not deliver on their promises, and actually delivered dismal economic results.  According to Hayek, socialism strips man of his desire to succeed, and therefore robs society of the benefit of efficiency and accountability.  In contrast, the success that results from a person’s desire to get ahead simultaneously improves the lives of others. 


Socialism temporarily stopped creeping in America after WWII.  Post-war prosperity fed a middle-class explosion, and the Cold War fed paranoia of Marxist influences.  Paid vacations and 40-hour work weeks were common.  Average income doubled compared to the prior economic boom in the 1920’s.  Many activists left the Socialist Party, believing that they could have more of an impact through the relatively mainstream Democratic Party than through radical organizations.  Membership in formal Marxist organizations dried up in the 1950’s.  Party membership was a considerable risk due to the aggressive efforts of Senator Joseph McCarthy and FBI leader J. Edgar Hoover to root out suspected espionage during the Second Red Scare.


While this older generation of Marxists slowly ebbed into obscurity, a younger and more radical generation emerged to reenergize the socialist movement during the 1960’s.   This new generation of socialists was inspired by the Civil Rights movement, opposition to the Vietnam War, and the methods of Saul Alinsky. 


At the vanguard of this movement was a radical organization called the Students for a Democratic Society (SDS).  This Marxist group aimed to overthrow America’s entrenched political, economic, and military establishment.  A specific objective was to end the war in Vietnam.  The group evolved from the youth branch of the socialist League for Industrial Democracy, which was formed in 1905 by Norman Thomas and Upton Sinclair, among others.[7]  Many SDS members were “red-diaper babies,” children of parents who were Marxist activists in preceding decades. 


The SDS held its first formal meeting in Ann Arbor, Michigan in 1960.  It gained notoriety when it released its 1962 Port Huron Statement, drafted principally by Tom Hayden.  The statement denounced U.S. racism, American abundance, materialism, industrialization, and the threat of nuclear war, among other grievances.[8]  It declared, “The allocation of resources must be based on social needs.  A truly 'public sector' must be established, and its nature debated and planned.  At present the majority of America's 'public sector,' the largest part of our public spending, is for the military.  When great social needs are so pressing, our concept of 'government spending' is wrapped up in the 'permanent war economy.'"[9] 


The anti-war fervor of the SDS resonated at universities across the country.  Hundreds of new SDS chapters were formed when Lyndon Johnson abolished student draft deferments in 1966.  The SDS staged draft card burnings and harassed military recruiters.[10]  During the 1968 Democratic Convention in Chicago, SDS protestors rioted as a challenge to Hubert Humphrey’s support of the war in Vietnam.  Hayden and several instigators were arrested.  They became celebrated by the Left as the Chicago Seven.


In 1969, the SDS began fragmenting.  One of the factions was a group called the Weatherman.  The Weatherman advocated launching a race war in the U.S.  They eventually morphed into a terrorist cult called the Weather Underground.  The Weather Underground orchestrated a series of bombings around the country.  This anti-American cult will be studied in Chapter Six, where we meet the Ayers family and explore the influence that veterans of the Weather Underground had on Barack Obama.


Another socialist movement that emerged in the 1960’s was called Black Liberation Theology (BLT).  This was a radical theology that Black Nationalists embraced.  BLT was an amalgamation of Marxist principles, civil rights activism, and Christianity.  It was derived from the broader Marxist Liberation Theology movement that was a growing presence in Christian America.  James Cone, a professor at Union Theological Seminary, was a strong proponent of BLT.   In Chapter Two, we examined the impact that Cone’s vitriol had on Barack Obama through his disciple, Jeremiah Wright.  Later in this chapter, we will explore the specific impact of Wright’s Marxism on Obama. 


By the late 1960’s, the remnants of the SDS, Saul Alinsky’s various legacy organizations, and militant Black Nationalists had found common ground.   They share a belief in socialism, support for black civil rights, opposition to the Vietnam War, hatred of capitalism, and disdain for American wealth.  Remarkably, this new generation of socialists embraced these viewpoints despite the obvious failures of applied Marxism in the Soviet Union and elsewhere. 


As David Horowitz explained in his book, Unholy Alliance:  Radical Islam and the American Left, the implosion of Soviet Communism and other Marxist states around the globe “ought to have thrown the Left into a profound crisis of faith.  It should have caused radicals to rethink their Marxist critiques of democratic capitalism and socialist ideas about the revolutionary future.  It should have caused them to reevaluate their opposition to American policy and their support for regimes that had murdered tens of millions and oppressed tens of millions more.”[11]


But it didn’t.  The new generation of socialists ignored the disastrous results of Marxism in action.  They simply discounted the real-world examples of the Soviet Union, Cuba, China, East Germany, Albania, North Korea, and an atlas full of other failed socialist countries.   Instead, they aligned with other activists, including environmentalists, feminists, black nationalists, radical Islamists, and anyone else opposed to America, capitalism, and Western principles.   Perhaps ashamed of the practical failure of Marxism around the world, these radicals camouflaged their support for redistribution of wealth and government control of the economy as “civil rights,” “social justice,” “change,” and “global warming”.


None of these will-o’-the-wisps had any practical value unless they could be attached to political power.  In the United States, socialism never became a serious political force per se.  However, American socialists gradually embraced Saul Alinsky’s philosophy that the revolution could only be achieved by co-opting the vast middle class.  So, they began collaborating with the progressive wing of the Democratic Party, which was a political force the American middle class had historically embraced.  The once venerable Democratic Party was thus gradually hijacked by radicals. 


Among the hijackers was Barack Obama, a red-diaper baby in his own right.  Let’s explore his lifelong involvement with socialism.  A professor at the University of Chicago, where Obama was a lecturer, reportedly said that Obama was “…as close to a full-out Marxist as anyone who has ever run for president of the United States.”[12]  That is a bold statement, especially since a number of other Marxists have run for President.  But, as we shall see, it may not be far from the mark.


Obama’s father, Barack Hussein Obama, Sr., was a Marxist.  In 1965, the East Africa Journal published one of his papers entitled “Problems Facing Our Socialism.”[13]  Obama Sr. had at this point returned to Africa and was involved in Kenyan politics.   His paper argued that communal ownership of land was better than private property for achieving the desired classless society.  He also argued that an extremely progressive tax rate was necessary to avoid concentration of wealth and power.[14]  He wrote: “Theoretically, there is nothing that can stop the government from taxing 100 percent of income so long as the people get benefits from the government commensurate with their income which is taxed….What is more important is to find means by which we can redistribute our economic gains to the benefit of all.  This is the government’s obligation.”[15]  He demonized corporations and suggested that the government should nationalize foreign businesses operating in Kenya.[16]   


Some argue that Barack Obama, Jr. barely knew his father, and therefore wasn’t influenced by him.  However, Barack Jr.’s first book, Dreams from My Father, was precisely about his desire to understand the father who abandoned him.  He maintained correspondence with his father until Obama Sr. passed away in 1982.  Furthermore, Barack Jr. had a curious interest in his father’s socialist ambitions in Kenya.  When he was a U.S. Senator, he spent time helping Kenyan presidential candidate Raila Odinga achieve power on a platform of Marxism and Islam.  Barack Jr. may have felt that a victory by Odinga would bring closure to his father’s own aborted political ambitions.  Perhaps it is just coincidence, but Obama Sr.’s socialism is consistent with the agenda that Barack Jr. is pushing today as President:  demonizing corporations, government takeover of businesses, massive tax increases, and redistribution of wealth.  Barack Jr.’s peculiar entanglement with the Marxist Odinga in Kenya will be examined in Chapter Five. 


Barack Jr.’s mother, Ann Dunham, was also infatuated with Marxism.  Classmates at the University of Hawaii said, “When Dunham arrived in Hawaii, she was a full-fledged radical leftist….”[17]  Ann met Barack’s father in a Russian language course at the University of Hawaii.  At the time, the Soviet Union was the iconic Marxist state in the world, so there is some poetic irony that the language of the communists is what brought Barack’s parents together. 


Ann’s radicalism likely came from her parents.  Madelyn Payne Dunham and Stanley Dunham were linked to communist organizations in the U.S.  In 1956, when Ann was a teenager, the family moved to Seattle, Washington, which had an active radical community.  Ann attended Mercer Island High School, which employed some radical teachers who had been investigated by the House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC).  John Stenhouse, a school board member who was raised in China, told the HUAC that he belonged to the Communist Party USA and that there were other Marxists on Mercer’s staff.  He was the subject of a 1955 Time magazine discussion about his fitness to remain on the Mercer school board.[18]  Val Foubert and Jim Wichterman were two of the Marxist teachers at Mercer.  They taught a curriculum that included attacks on Christianity and readings by Karl Marx.  The hallway between them was called “anarchy alley.”[19] 


Wichterman said of Ann: “As much as a high-school student can, she’d question anything:  What’s so good about democracy?  What’s so good about capitalism?  What’s wrong with communism?”[20]  Her best friend, Maxine Box, said of Ann:  “She touted herself as an atheist….She was always challenging and arguing and comparing.  She was already thinking about things that the rest of us hadn’t.”[21] 


In Seattle, the Dunham’s attended East Shore Unitarian Church, which was a radical congregation the locals called “the little red church on the hill.”  According to its website, the church acquired its nickname because of “well-publicized debates and forums on such controversial subjects as the admission of ‘Red China’ to the United Nations….”[22]  Coincidently, Stenhouse was the president of this “church”.


Obama was also influenced by a man whom some allege was his real father, communist Frank Marshall Davis (1905-1987).  Davis, a black anti-capitalist, was a poet and a journalist for various socialist publications.  He lived in Chicago for many years, and moved to Honolulu in 1948.  When Barack returned from Indonesia to live with his grandparents in Hawaii, Davis established a relationship with him and became his mentor, according to Dreams from My Father


Early in his career, Davis was an executive editor for the Chicago Star, the communist newspaper of Chicago.[23]  In the mid-1940’s, he joined the CPUSA, although he never publicly admitted it.  However, a book by Professor John Edgar Tidwell included a letter Davis wrote confirming that he had joined the Communist Party.[24]


In Hawaii, Davis wrote a weekly column called “Frankly Speaking” for the Honolulu Record, a labor paper published by the International Longshore and Warehouse Union.[25]  One article he wrote in 1950 was titled “Free Enterprise or Socialism?”  In it, he speculated that America was at a turning point that might possibly lead to socialism.  He wrote: “Before too long, our nation will have to decide whether we shall have free enterprise or socialism…at the present rate, either the giant corporations will control all our markets, the greatest share of our wealth, and eventually, our government, or the government will be forced to intervene with some form of direct regulation of business.”[26]


One of Davis’s poems is titled, “To the Red Army”.  Its concluding stanzas read: [27]


Smash on, victory-eating Red warriors!

Show the marveling multitudes

Americans, British, all your allied brothers

How strong you are

How great you are

How your young tree of new unity

Planted twenty-five years ago

Bears today the golden fruit of victory!


Drive on, oh mighty people’s juggernaut!

Hear in your winning ears

Shadow songs of your departed comrades

Telling you, “Be avengers and kill our killers”

And when you have struck the last foe to the ground

Then drop their fascist dreams below hell!


The HUAC investigated Davis for his ties to CPUSA, and accused him of involvement in several communist front organizations.[28]  For 19 years, he was under FBI investigation.[29]  A 1951 report to the Hawaii Legislature pegged him as a CPUSA member.[30]  He lived across the street from the University of Hawaii, where Ann Dunham attended college.  Between 1975 and 1979, he mentored teenaged Barack, sharing his radical perspectives and his general distrust of the American establishment.


Obama was influenced by this tutelage, because he described in The Audacity of Hope how he automatically “slipped into the cant:  the point at which the denunciations of capitalism or American imperialism came too easily…and the role of victim was too readily embraced as a means of shedding responsibility….”[31]


Obama left Hawaii in 1979 to attend Occidental College in California.  There, he gave his first public speech to protest South African apartheid.  The event was organized by the Students for Economic Democracy (SED), the student branch of the socialist Campaign for Economic Democracy (CED).  The CED was chaired by Tom Hayden, one of the founders of the SDS.[32]  Hayden received information about the rally from organizer David Peck.  It is possible that Hayden, given his protest activity and relationships at Columbia University, helped convince Obama to transfer from Occidental to Columbia in 1981.  Hayden may also have introduced Obama to fellow SDS radical Bill Ayers, who went to college only a quarter mile from Columbia.   


Dr. John C. Drew, a college professor who knew Obama while he was enrolled at Occidental, also helped organize the anti-apartheid rallies that Obama spoke at.  Dr. Drew, a Marxist at the time, met with Obama in December 1980 specifically to discuss Marxism.  In a video interview about this meeting, he claimed that Obama embraced Marxism and praised the Soviet Union, describing it as a superior model.  He also claimed that Obama believed wealth in America needed to be distributed and that he looked forward to a revolution in America that would overturn the existing structure.[33] 

While at Columbia University in New York, Obama went to the Socialist Scholar Conferences sponsored by the Democratic Socialists of America.[34]  According to libertarian writer Trevor Loudon, guest speakers at these conferences included “members of the Communist Party USA and its offshoot, the Committees of Correspondence, as well as Maoists, Trotskyites, black radicals, gay activists, and radical feminists.”[35]  Later, when Obama’s half-sister Maya visited Obama in New York, she expressed concern that he’d become “one of those freaks you see on the streets around here,” according to Dreams from My Father.[36]


Another influence on Obama was Dr. James Cone, a professor at Union Theological Seminary, which is adjacent to, and affiliated with, Columbia University.  Cone was a professor at Union while Obama was a student at Columbia.  Cone published a book in 1970, Black Theology of Liberation, which fueled the Black Liberation Theology (BLT) movement.  In it, he wrote:  “Insofar as this country is seeking to make whiteness the dominating power throughout the world, whiteness is the symbol of the antichrist….Black theology seeks to analyze the satanic nature of whiteness and by doing so, prepare all nonwhites for revolutionary action.”[37] 


BLT politicizes the Christian New Testament by teaching that it can only be understood in the context of social activism and Marxist class struggle.  BLT’s goal is to encourage the poor to revolt and replace capitalism with socialism.  If the poor accomplish this, they would become liberated from their material, and therefore their spiritual, deprivations. 


Obama essentially embraced BLT by spending two decades at Reverend Wright’s Trinity United Church of Christ and donating tens of thousands of dollars to it.  The church’s website states: “The vision statement of Trinity United Church of Christ is based upon the systematized liberation theology that started in 1969 with the publication of Dr. James Cone’s seminal book Black Power and Black Theology.”[38]  During Wright’s ministry, TUCC embraced Black Liberation Theology (BLT) as official church doctrine.  Jeremiah Wright is considered one of the North American leaders of BLT.


Black Liberation Theology’s anti-capitalist tone resonated with the Saul Alinsky activism prevalent in TUCC’s local community.  TUCC’s “10-Point Vision” included “a congregation working towards ECONOMIC PARITY (emphasis in original)” and toward fixing “America’s economic mal-distribution!”[39]   Wright believed capitalism was inherently unjust.  He declared, “Capitalism as made manifest in the ‘New World’ depended upon slave labor, and it is only maintained by keeping ‘Two-Thirds World’ under oppression.”[40]

Wright launched a signature Marxist rant in September 2009 at an event celebrating a socialist publication called Monthly Review.  He was introduced by Robert W. McChesney, a co-founder of Free Press, an extremist organization that has been linked to the Obama administration.   In an earlier article in the Monthly Review, McChesney wrote, “Our job is to make media reform a part of our broader struggle for democracy, social justice, and, dare we say it, socialism.”[41]   

In his speech, Wright said Monthly Review offers “no-nonsense Marxism.”  He praised the publication, saying, “You dispel all the negative images we have been programmed to conjure up with just the mention of that word socialism or Marxism.”  He called America the “land of the greed and the home of the slave.”  He said, “My work with liberation theology, with Latin American theologians, with the Black Theology Project and with the Cuban Council of Churches taught me 30 years ago the importance of Marx and the Marxist analysis of the social realities of the vulnerable and the oppressed who were trying desperately to break free of the political economics undergirded by this country that were choking them and cutting off any hope of a possible future where all of the people would benefit.”[42]  Obama listened to rants like this from Wright for 20 years.

It is likely that Obama first met Weather Underground terrorist and socialist William Ayers while at Columbia.  Ayers took education courses at Bank Street College, which was less than a quarter mile from Columbia, before earning his doctorate at Columbia’s Teachers College in 1987.  Obama and Ayers had mutual friends.  One was Edward Said, a left-wing Columbia professor who taught Obama, according to the LA Times.   Said wrote this dust-jacket testimonial on Ayers’s 2001 Weather Underground memoir, Fugitive Days:  “What makes Fugitive Days unique is its unsparing detail and its marvelous human coherence and integrity.  Bill Ayers’s America and his family background, his education, his political awakening, his anger and involvement, his anguished re-emergence from the shadows….For anyone who cares about the sorry mess we are in, this book is essential, indeed necessary, reading.”[43]


Another likely influence on Obama at Columbia was Sociology Professor Richard A. Cloward, who, along with Frances Fox Piven, helped establish the National Welfare Rights Organization.  They proposed to add new burdens on government by encouraging poor people to become dependent on taxpayers.  Cloward and Piven’s intent was not to help the disadvantaged, but rather to subtly conscript them in an effort to overwhelm and collapse America’s capitalist society.  When the NWRO eventually disbanded, ex-members formed ACORN, the radical organization that used the Cloward-Piven Strategy to create electoral chaos and to abet America’s housing-related financial collapse in 2008.  Obama’s extensive relationship with the socialists at ACORN will be examined in Chapter Eight.


Obama has refused to release any transcripts or records regarding his activities and associations at Columbia.  Both of his books are also surprisingly silent about this period of his life.  It is tempting to presume that this is because a thorough airing of his Columbia years would reveal a deep immersion in radical circles that would contradict the synthetic Obama mythos that got him elected to the U.S. Senate and the Presidency.


After Columbia, Obama worked for three years as a community organizer for the Developing Communities Project, an Alinskyite organization.  As outlined in the previous chapter, Saul Alinsky was a Chicago Marxist who trained activists in how to agitate for “change”, in order to methodically transform America into a socialist nation.


Obama then went to Harvard Law School.  After graduating, he worked for Project Vote, a subsidiary of ACORN.  He then worked at the law firm of Davis Miner Barnhill & Galland.  Judson Miner, a name partner in this firm, was a former college classmate and fellow anti-war activist with SDS member and Weather Underground terrorist Bernardine Dohrn.[44]  


In 1995, Obama ran for the Illinois State Senate seat that was being vacated by Alice J. Palmer, who was running for the U.S. Congress.  Palmer arranged for Obama, her hand-picked successor, to meet potential supporters at the home of Ayers and Dohrn.[45]  Palmer also helped him gather signatures to get his name on the ballot.  One of the attendees at the party was Dr. Quentin Young, who was a rumored member of the CPUSA and a recipient of the socialist Debs Award.[46] [47]  He became an Obama supporter and contributor. 


Palmer was a socialist.  In the 1980’s she was a board member of the U.S. Peace Council, which the FBI identified as a front organization of the Communist Party USA and also as an affiliate of the Soviet World Peace Council.[48]


A June 1986 article entitled, “An Afro-American Journalist on the USSR” appeared in the Communist Party USA’s newspaper People’s Daily World.  The article said Alice Palmer had recently attended the 27th Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.  Here’s what Palmer had to say about the event:  “The Soviets plan to provide people with higher wages and better education, health, and transportation, while we in our country are hearing that cutbacks are necessary….We Americans can be misled by the major media.  We’re being told the Soviets are striving to achieve a comparatively low standard of living compared with ours, but actually they have reached a basic stability in meeting their needs and are now planning to double their production.”[49]


During his State Senate run, Obama obtained the endorsement of the socialist New Party (NP) in Chicago.  According to New Ground, the Chicago newsletter of the Democratic Socialists of America (DSA), the New Party endorsement came with a price:  “Once approved, candidates must sign a contract with the NP.  The contract mandates that they must have a visible and active relationship with the NP.”[50]


Not only did Obama have a “visible and active relationship,” the New Party claimed him as their candidate on the ballot, even though Obama also ran as a Democrat.  In Illinois, candidates could run under the banner of multiple parties on a ballot.   The New Party announced after the Democratic primary: “Three NP-members won Democratic primaries last spring and face off against Republican opponents on election day:  Danny Davis (U.S. House), Barack Obama (State Senate) and Patricia Martin (Cook County Judiciary).”[51] [52] After the general election, the Progressive Populist magazine reported, “New Party member Barack Obama was uncontested for a State Senate seat from Chicago.”[53] [54]  


The New Party, self-described as “socialist democratic,” was co-founded in 1992 by union activist Sandy Pope and University of Wisconsin Professor Joel Rogers.[55]  It used the political strategy of electoral “fusion”, nominating candidates from other parties (usually Democrats), so that its candidates could occupy two ballot lines and tally votes cast for both parties.  In 1998, the U.S. Supreme Court declared electoral fusion unconstitutional.


The New Party was an alliance of labor unions, Marxist organizations, and black activists.  Most of its members came from the Democratic Socialists of America, the Communist Party USA, and ACORN.[56]  Cloward-Piven Strategy co-author Frances Fox Piven was a New Party member.[57]  Another member was Carl Davidson, who was a leader in the Students for a Democratic Society and a supporter of Obama’s State Senate campaign.  His declassified FBI file says that he went to Cuba and worked with them to sabotage America’s Vietnam War effort.[58]  Davidson helped organize the October 2002 anti-war demonstration where Obama made his now-famous speech against the Iraq War.[59]  The event was sponsored by the Committees of Correspondence for Democracy and Socialism.[60]


Davidson belonged to a group called Progressives for Obama during the 2008 election.[61]  This group included Mark Rudd, who was in the Weather Underground.[62]  It included Tom Hayden, the SDS activist who organized riots at the 1968 Democratic Convention in Chicago and whose wife, actress Jane Fonda, collaborated with the Viet Cong during the Vietnam War.[63]  It included actor Danny Glover, a supporter of Venezuela’s Hugo Chavez.[64]  It also included Barbara Ehrenreich, who is an Honorary Chairwoman of the Democratic Socialists of America.[65]


Other socialist supporters of Obama included William Ayers and Bernardine Dohrn.   As recently as 2007, these former terrorists from the SDS and the Weather Underground publicly praised communist heroes and described America as a monster.  The socialist pedigree of these two radicals will be examined in greater detail in Chapter Six.    


Another socialist supporter of Obama was Mike Klonsky, a former chairman of the SDS.  In 1971, his SDS splinter group formed a pro-Chinese sect called the October League, which morphed into the Communist Party (Marxist-Leninist).[66]  In 1977, he was one of the first westerners to visit the People’s Republic of China.  Chinese leaders recognized Klonsky’s group as the semi-official U.S. Maoist party.[67]


When Obama chaired the Chicago Annenberg Challenge, he earmarked over $1 million for a group founded by Ayers and run by Klonsky called the Small Schools Workshop.[68]   Ayers, Obama, and Klonsky shared office space during the mid-to-late 1990’s while they collaborated on various projects.  Klonsky maintained a blog on Obama’s MyBarackObama.com until June 2008.  His blog “disappeared” after Obama’s presidential campaign turned toward the political center when the Democratic primaries were over.[69]  Klonsky, whose parents were members of the CPUSA, said in 2007, “I was born into the Communist Party.”[70]


When Obama ran for the U.S. Senate in 2004, he hired David Axelrod as his campaign advisor.  Axelrod’s mother, Myril, was a writer in New York City from 1940 to 1948 for PM, a leftist tabloid that featured a number of writers involved in the Communist Party.[71]  PM was financed by Marshall Field III, who helped underwrite Alinsky’s Industrial Areas Foundation, where Obama was trained to be a community organizer.[72]


The Democratic Socialists of America (DSA) supported at least two of Obama’s political campaigns.   The DSA described itself as “the principal U.S. affiliate of the Socialist International.”[73]  The DSA boilerplate reads: “We are socialists because we reject an international economic order sustained by private profit, alienated labor, race and gender discrimination, environmental destruction, and brutality and violence in defense of the status quo….To achieve a more just society, many structures of our government and economy must be radically transformed….”[74] [75]


The DSA endorsed Obama for his 1996 State Senate campaign.[76]  It also endorsed him for the Presidency in 2008 and provided campaign workers.  Here is their official 2008 endorsement:  “While recognizing the critical limitations of the Obama candidacy and the American political system, DSA believes that the possible election of Senator Obama to the presidency in November represents a potential opening for social and labor movements to generate the political momentum necessary to implement a progressive political agenda.”[77]


The DSA’s collectivist agenda includes “massive redistribution of income from corporations and the wealthy to wage earners and the poor and the public sector….Free markets or private charity cannot provide adequate public goods and services.”[78]  According to the DSA:  “Like our friends and allies in the feminist, labor, civil rights, religious, and community organizing movements, many of us have been active in the Democratic Party.  We work with those movements to strengthen the party’s left wing, represented by the Congressional Progressive Caucus.”[79]


In 1999, World Net Daily (WND) exposed the DSA’s direct link with the U.S. Congressional Progressive Caucus, which included roughly 33% of all House Democrats.[80]  Until 1999, the DSA hosted the website of the Congressional Progressive Caucus.  After the WND revelation, the DSA edited its website, removing the links between the two organizations.  It also removed some rather damning song lyrics that espoused hard-core Marxist thoughts. 


The Communist Party USA (CPUSA) also endorsed Obama in 2008:  “A broad multiclass, multiracial movement is converging around Obama’s ‘Hope, change, and unity’ campaign because they see in it the thrilling opportunity to end 30 years of ultra-right rule and move our nation forward with a broadly progressive agenda.  This diverse movement combines a variety of political currents and aims in a working coalition that is crucial to social progress at this point....The struggle to defeat the ultra-right and turn our country on a positive path will not end with Obama’s election.  But that step will shift the ground for successful struggles going forward.”[81]


Frank Chapman, a CPUSA supporter, wrote a letter to the party newspaper celebrating an Obama victory in 2008: “Obama’s victory was more than a progressive move; it was a dialectical leap ushering in a qualitatively new era of struggle.  Marx once compared revolutionary struggle with the work of the mole, who sometimes burrows so far beneath the ground that he leaves no trace of his movement on the surface.  This is the old revolutionary ‘mole’, not only showing his traces on the surface but also breaking through.”[82]


The following table, adapted from a compilation by Jim Simpson on the American Daughter website, compares the positions of Obama, the CPUSA, and the DSA on key issues contested in the 2008 Presidential election:[83]



CPUSA Positions

DSA Positions

Obama Positions

Financial Crisis

-Nationalize Banks

-Moratorium on Foreclosures

-Extend Unemployment Benefits

-Reregulate financial institutions.

-Reregulate financial institutions

-Low income tax “cuts”

-Huge public works programs


-Massive public works

-Renewable energy

-Ratify Kyoto


-“Green” jobs investment

-Massive public works

-Renewable energy

-Ratify Kyoto


“-Green” jobs

-Massive public works

-Renewable energy

-Re-engage on Kyoto


-Enact Employee Free Choice Act

-Renegotiate NAFTA

-Enact Employee Free Choice Act

-Renegotiate NAFTA


-Enact Employee Free Choice Act

-Renegotiate NAFTA

Fairness Doctrine



-Supports local “diversity”


-Universal Single-Payer Insurance

Universal Single-Payer Insurance

-Single-Payer insurance and tax credits



-No guest worker program

-No border security enhancements


-No guest worker program

-No border security enhancements


-Driver’s licenses for illegals

-Silent on guest worker

-Increase border patrol and technology


-Public finance of elections

-same day registrations

-felons vote

-Public finance of elections

-Public finance of elections – except his

-same day registrations

-felons vote

Foreign policy

-Withdrawal from Iraq

-Abolish nuclear weapons

-Massive defense cuts

-Strengthen UN

-Withdrawal from Iraq

-Abolish nuclear weapons

-Massive defense cuts

-Strengthen UN

-Withdrawal from Iraq

-Abolish nuclear weapons

-Massive defense cuts

-Strengthen UN


-Increase rates on top income levels

-Remove SS cap

-Global tax

-Increase rates on top income levels

-Remove SS cap

-Global tax

-Increase rates on top income levels

-Increase SS on top income levels

-Global tax


While there are some differences, this table makes it clear why both Marxist organizations chose to endorse Obama.


Rogue financier George Soros, a major supporter of quasi-socialist organizations, backed Obama for his U.S. Senate seat and the Presidency.  Soros’s right hand man, Aryeh Neier, is president of Soros’s Open Society Institute and the Soros Foundation Network.  Earlier in his career, Neier was the director of the socialist League for Industrial Democracy.  He also worked with Tom Hayden and others to found the Students for a Democratic Society in 1959.  We will explore the massive involvement of Soros and Neier in Obama’s political career in Chapter Nine.   


Obama formed a Black Advisory Council to support his 2008 presidential run.  Cornel West, a Marxist professor from Princeton, was a member.  West was a member of the Democratic Socialists of America, an admirer of Jeremiah Wright, and an advocate of the Black Liberation Theology of James Cone.[84]  West once said: “Free-market fundamentalism trivializes the concern for public interest.  It puts fear and insecurity in the hearts of anxiety-ridden workers.  It also makes money-driven, poll-obsessed elected officials deferential to corporate goals of profit—often at the cost of the common good.”[85]


Obama selected Reverend Jim Wallis to oversee drafting of the party’s platform at the 2008 Democratic national convention.[86]  Wallis is a Marxist Liberation Theologian whom Obama calls a “good friend.”[87]  Like Obama, he got his start with community organizing in Chicago.   Wallis once called the U.S. “the great power, the great seducer, the great captor and destroyer of human life, the great master of humanity and history in its totalitarian claims and designs.”[88]  


Obama’s lifelong immersion in socialism is driving him to replace free and independent citizens with government servants as the foundation of American society.  Here’s what he told graduating students at the University of Notre Dame in May 2009:  “Make it (service) a way of life.  Because when you serve, it doesn’t just improve your community, it makes you a part of your community….If nothing else, that knowledge should give us faith that through our collective labor…and our willingness to shoulder each other’s burdens, America will continue on its precious journey towards that more perfect union.”[89]  Obama has suckled off from the public teat almost his entire career.   Because of his Marxist parents, mentors, and associates, he has essentially lived a socialist life.  So, we should not be surprised that his vision of a “more perfect union” is collectivist in nature.  Collectivism is all that he knows.


Obama and the radicals in charge of our government are leading us to a statist existence founded on servitude and dependency fit for helpless children rather than self-sufficient adults.  Humorist P.J. O’Rourke once said, “It takes a village to raise a child.  The government is the village, and you’re the child.”[90]  Chapter Ten provides a detailed assessment of Obama’s policies and how they are leading us to a sheltered existence of childlike dependence on Washington in a socialist America.


Obama and the radicals in Washington demonize the private sector and laud the public sector.  In a Time magazine article, Obama confessed that he questioned “the idolatry of the free market.”[91]  The radicals are punishing successful individuals and businesses by stealing their wealth and transferring it to failing enterprises and irresponsible individuals.  They believe that private property is a vice, and that theft of it by the collective is a virtue.  They believe that individual rights protected by a constitution are selfish, and that group rights protected by special interest coercion in Washington are morally superior.  They believe that government bureaucrats are somehow smarter than the rest of us, and magically know better what is good for us.  In other words, Obama and the radicals in charge of our government are socialists. 


Socialism has been a catastrophic failure wherever it has been tried.  Marxist governments yield nothing but millions of murdered citizens, poverty, deprivation, and Big Brother control of private lives.  Once the state becomes the guarantor of your basic needs, it eventually becomes the regulator of your behavior and the rationing agent of scarce resources.  Once the state becomes the Master, you are by definition the Slave.  Once you cede your political independence in favor of government succor, you cede protection from all assaults on your wealth and freedom.


After Cuba’s communist revolution, its economy collapsed from being one of the best in Latin America to being one of the worst.  After the Soviet Union’s revolution, tens of millions of peasants starved to death.  Similar tragedies occurred in other countries that embraced Marxism, such as China, Vietnam, Cambodia, Ethiopia, Angola, Zimbabwe, Zambia, Congo, Nicaragua, and Venezuela.  These social disasters are well-documented in other sources, and interested readers are invited to study them. 


However, there is one particular story that is worthy of further discussion here.  The remarkable clarity of this story cuts through the propaganda of both sides in the debate between capitalists and socialists, who both vigorously defend their respective philosophies.  Each side has clever arguments explaining why the other side is illogical, why the other side is basing their arguments on faulty assumptions, and why the other side’s data is flawed or misrepresented.  For many in the middle class, this centuries-long argument is confusing and overwhelming.  Thus, it is not surprising that the political leanings of the middle class have been recently skewed by tantalizing social programs offered by charismatic radical leaders like Obama.  In times of stress, people naturally reach for their security blankets and dip into the cookie jar for comfort food.  Socialism is a gingerbread house on a societal scale.


Fortunately, the effects of socialism and capitalism can be compared side-by-side under almost identical circumstances.  Two countries offer a clear, objective, and unmistakable comparison between the two philosophies.  These two countries are the perfect politico-economic laboratories. 


During WWII, Germany was completely devastated by Allied forces.  Its infrastructure was bombed to smithereens, it had lost nearly a whole generation in deadly warfare, it was financially ruined, its social systems were in chaotic disarray, and it was considered an international pariah.  From this brutal concoction, two separate countries were carved out after the war ended:  East Germany, based on socialism, and West Germany, based on capitalism.


Each of the newly created countries had the same starting point in this laboratory experiment.  East and West Germany were formed from the exact same culture, the exact same ethnicity, the exact same average level of education, the exact same wealth and resources, the exact same geography and climate, at the exact same time.  The only difference was their political and economic systems.  So, let’s flash forward four decades, to just before the Berlin Wall came down, to examine the results of the experiment.


Socialist East Germany’s lab results were tragic.  By all measures, East Germany had not progressed much beyond their disastrous starting point.  Their standard of living had fallen well below European standards, their education system was focused more on indoctrination than on development, their environment was filthy, their citizens were hounded by secret service spies, and their national spirit was in shambles.  Perhaps the most telling scorecard of all was that the East German government had to build a wall to entrap its own citizens and prevent them from fleeing the horrors of applied socialism.


Capitalist West Germany’s lab results were spectacular.  From the rubble of war and the chaos of a destroyed nation, the capitalist society of West Germany yielded a wealthy, satisfied culture that can be considered the envy of most of the world.  West German products were desired by consumers around the globe, its standard of living was the highest in Europe, its citizens were among the freest on earth, and its schools and universities were internationally recognized.  Perhaps the most telling scorecard of all was that East Germans would occasionally risk their lives by dodging sniper fire, climbing through the razor wire atop the Berlin Wall, and leaping to the Western side.  Socialist countries theorize about paradise on earth.  Capitalist countries actually create it.


The German experience is a dramatic real-world demonstration of the superiority of a system based on individual rights, individual responsibility and free markets, over a system based on government rights, communal responsibility, and state-controlled economy.  The beauty of the German example is that you don’t even need to know economics or political philosophy in order to understand the message.  You just need to be able to visualize a destitute, frightened East German risking his life to get from one side of the Berlin Wall to the other.  There is no more powerful or visceral understanding to be had.  An identical story can be told about North and South Korea, if readers are interested in studying another real-world laboratory comparison between socialism and capitalism. 


If you are wondering how the middle class fared in East Germany and North Korea, the answer is chilling:  Neither country had one.  There won’t be a middle class in a socialist America, either.  Marxist economies don’t have middle classes.  As Vladimir Lenin put it, “The way to crush the bourgeoisie (middle class) is to grind them between the millstones of taxation and inflation.”[92]  The Marxists do not even approve of private property.  According to Lenin, “The goal of socialism is communism.  The theory of communism may be summed up in one sentence:  Abolish all private property.” [93]  This leads to the end game of Marxism.  When you don’t own your own income, and when you don’t own your own home or property, you do not own yourself.  The state owns you.  And it’s all downhill from there.


The reasons for the repeated failures of Marxism are obvious.  As David Horowitz explained, socialism “provided no rational method for allocating resources and no effective work incentives, and no guarantees of individual rights.”[94]  It simply doesn’t work, and when it fails, it takes whole civilizations down with it.  The “equality” that socialism promises does not mean everyone ends up being equally wealthy.  It means everyone ends up being equally poor, except for those special apparatchiks working for the government who mysteriously are more equal than everyone else, and who mysteriously have access to resources and privileges that the rest do not.  Instead of a middle class, there will only be a massive class of state dependents standing in long lines waiting for rationed resources that everyone has lost the will and the means to produce.  Shepherding these long lines and orchestrating the rationing will be those government elites who strangely don’t have to stand in a line.


The good news is that almost all former socialist countries, whether full-fledged socialist nations like Russia, China, and the countries of Eastern Europe, or the moderately socialist nations in Western Europe, have all realized that socialism is flawed.  They are shifting back toward capitalism and electing more conservative leaders.  The bad news is that we in America have not yet learned their lessons.  Given the results of the 2008 elections, we seem determined to learn them the hard way.  We will regret electing the radicals, not just as the four-year mistake of a disastrous presidential term or the six-year mistake of a disastrous Senate term, but as the multi-generational mistake of a disastrous shift in the direction of our society.


The Democratic Party is no longer the party of Johnson and Kennedy looking out for the common working American.  It is now the party of Alinsky and Soros and a host of other socialists.  It is now the party of wealth redistribution, government-run health care, government-controlled industries, centralized bureaucracy, and anti-free market zealots.  It is now the party of chronic dependents, radicals, illegal immigrants, and victims who are not invested in the American dream and who are not interested in being responsible for producing it.  It is now the party of bailing out Wall Street, automotive companies, and other corporate welfare gluttons. 


It is time for middle-class Democrats to recognize that their party is not what it used to be.  The venerable Democratic Party of years gone by is dead.  Likewise, the venerable Republican Party also appears to be mortally afflicted with the same collectivist disease.  The Republicans have been only slightly less inclined than the Democrats to increase government spending and broaden social entitlement programs.  As a result, we are left with an increasingly socialistic government propped up by two feckless political parties that masquerade as champions of the middle class, but in fact are devouring it.  


There is nothing middle class about the anti-capitalist sermons that Obama heard from Jeremiah Wright for 20 years, nor the anti-capitalist philosophies he absorbed from the rest of his socialist mentors throughout his life.  Perhaps it is even fair to say that there is nothing American about Obama’s worldview, either.  To Obama, the America that the rest of us live in is an unwelcome place of strange disproportion on the opposite side of his collectivist looking glass.  The America of free and independent citizens guided by a Constitution that protects inalienable rights and strictly limits government is a universe altogether unlike Obama’s purple-skied world of racial angst, economic injustice, redistribution of wealth, and Big Government.


Sam Webb, the leader of the Communist Party USA, wrote of Obama: “We now have not simply a friend, but a people’s advocate in the White House.”[95]  Unfortunately, “the people’s advocate in the White House” is not a friend of the middle class, but rather an ally of parasites looking to sink their teeth into the middle class.


In closing, here are two pearls of wisdom for the middle class from Barack Obama.  First pearl:  According to Pennsylvania Governor Ed Rendell, Obama told him, “We don’t need the people.  We just need the checks.”[96]  Translation:  “As Saul Alinsky trained us, middle-class people are just pawns to be used for achieving socialism by the ballot box.  Once they vote us into power, taking their money is all we care about.”  Second pearl:  Obama, who was explaining to self-employed Joe “the Plumber” Wurzelbacher why Joe must pay higher taxes for everyone else’s benefit:  “I think when you spread the wealth around it’s good for everybody.”[97]  Translation:  “We’re going to take your wealth and spread it around to the underclass of America and to Wall Street bankers.  That’ll be good for everybody but you.”


Hey you, in the middle class…are you listening?

 We’ve been had.

(If you enjoyed this chapter, please consider purchasing the complete book by clicking on this link to We've Been Had:  How Obama and the Radicals Conned Middle Class America.  Click on this link to visit James R. Keena's We've Been Had Facebook page.)


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[10] Ibid.

[11] David Horowitz, Unholy Alliance: Radical Islam and the American Left, (Washington D.C.: Regnery Publishing, 2004), p. 57.

12 James Pethokoukis, “Did Barack ‘Spread the Wealth’ Obama Just Blow the Election?”, U.S. News and World Report, October 16, 2008; available online at: http://www.usnews.com/money/blogs/capital-commerce/2008/10/16/did-barack-spread-the-wealth-obama-just-blow-the-election.html [accessed March 10, 2010].

[13] Ben Smith & Jeffrey Ressner, “Long-Lost Article by Obama’s Dad Surfaces”, Politico, April 15, 2008; available online at: http://www.politico.com/news/stories/0408/9610.html [accessed March 10, 2010].

[14] Corsi, The Obama Nation, p. 111.

[15] “Like Father, Like Son”, Investors.com, August 19, 2008; available online at: http://www.investors.com/NewsAndAnalysis/Article.aspx?id=454957 [accessed March 10, 2010].

[16] Corsi, The Obama Nation, p. 111-112.

[17] Fredrick, The Obama Timeline, p. 6.

[18] Andrew Walden, “What Barack Obama Learned from the Communist Party”, American Thinker, July 8, 2008; available online at: http://www.americanthinker.com/2008/07/what_barack_obama_learned_from.html [accessed March 11, 2010].

[19] Larry Liddell, “What do We Really Know about Obama?”, The Obama Report, May 26, 2008; available online at: http://obamareport.blogspot.com/2008/05/what-do-we-really-know-about-obama.html [accessed March 11, 2010].

[20] Walden, “What Barack Obama Learned from the Communist Party”, op. cit.

[21] Tim Jones, “Barack Obama: Mother not Just a Girl from Kansas”, Chicago Tribune, March 27, 2007; available online at: http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/politics/obama/chi-0703270151mar27-archive,0,2623808.story [accessed March 11, 2010].

[22] Andrew Walden, “The Unitarian Church and Obama’s Religious Upbringing”, American Thinker, December 27, 2008; available online at: http://www.americanthinker.com/2008/12/obama_from_unitarian_to_libera_1.html [accessed March 11, 2010].

[23] “Frank Marshall Davis”, Conservapedia, modified January 24, 2010; available online at: http://www.conservapedia.com/Frank_Marshall_Davis [accessed March 11, 2010].

[24] Kincaid, “Obama’s Red Mentor Praised Red Army”, op. cit.

[25] “Frank Marshall Davis”, Wikipedia, modified March 9, 2010; available online at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frank_Marshall_Davis [accessed March 11, 2010].

[26] Paul Kengor, “Dreams from Frank Marshall Davis”, American Thinker, October 30, 2008; available online at: http://www.americanthinker.com/2008/10/dreams_from_frank_marshall_dav.html [accessed March 11, 2010].

[27] Walden, “What Barack Obama Learned from the Communist Party”, op. cit.

[28] “Frank Marshall Davis”, DiscovertheNetworks.org, copyright 2003-2009; available online at: http://www.discoverthenetworks.org/individualProfile.asp?indid=2323 [accessed March 11, 2010].

[29] Trevor Loudon, “Obama File 37 Obama’s Mentor, Frank Marshall Davis – was He Still a Communist?”, New Zeal, October 16, 2008; available online at: http://newzeal.blogspot.com/2008/10/obama-file-37-overlap-obamas-mentor.html [accessed March 11, 2010].

[30] “Frank Marshall Davis”, DiscovertheNetworks.org, op. cit.

[31] Obama, Audacity of Hope, p. 38.

[32] Perry Hicks, “The Long March: Obama’s Victories has come as Surprise to Even the Most Ardent Political Observers.  However, He didn’t Just Happen.  He was made over a Span of 44 Years”, Part 2, GulfCoastNews.com, May 3, 2009; available online at: http://www.gulfcoastnews.com/GCNanalysisLongMarchPart2050309.htm [accessed May 22, 2010].

[33] Scott Baker and Liz Stephans, “B-Cast Interviews Dr. John C. Drew on Obama’s Early Marxist Years”, Conservative Blog Watch, February 13, 2010; available online at: http://www.conservativeblogwatch.com/2010/02/13/b-cast-interviews-dr-john-c-drew-on-obamas-early-marxist-years/ [accessed March 29, 2010].

[34] Trevor Loudon, “America’s First Red President?”, Encyclopedia Britannica, January 2009; available online at: http://www.britannica.com/bps/additionalcontent/18/36156697/Americas-FIRST-RED-President [accessed March 12, 2010].

[35] “History that must be Told, Part 16”, Newswatch Magazine, October 2008; available online at: http://www.newswatchmagazine.org/oct08/index2.shtml [accessed May 22, 2010].

[36] Obama, Dreams from My Father, p. 123.

[37] James H. Cone, A Black Theology of Liberation, (New York: Orbis Books, 1990), p. 8.

[38] “Typical Race Hustling”, Red Planet Cartoons, March 24, 2008; available online at: http://www.redplanetcartoons.com/index.php/2008/03/ [accessed March 15, 2010].

[39] “Jeremiah A. Wright, Jr.”, DiscovertheNetworks.org, n.d.; available online at: http://www.discoverthenetworks.org/printindividualProfile.asp?indid=2307 [accessed March 29, 2010].

[40] Stanley Kurtz, “Audacity vs. Capitalism”, National Review Online, April 21, 2008; available online at: http://corner.nationalreview.com/post/?q=NjFhMGZjOWE3YzYyYmM0ZmU3MDdkZmU5MDQ0MDQzYjI [accessed March 29, 2010].

[41] Robert W. McChesney, “Journalism, Democracy,… and Class Struggle”, Volume 52, Number 6, Monthly Review, copyright 2000; available online at: http://www.monthlyreview.org/1100rwm.htm [accessed March 29, 2010].

[42] “The Chicago Network: Wright, in Recent Speech, Hailed ‘No-Nonsense’ Marxism”, WorldTribune.com, November 2, 2009; available online at: http://www.worldtribune.com/worldtribune/WTARC/2009/ss_politics0855_11_02.asp [accessed March 29, 2010].

[43] Andrew C. McCarthy, “Why won’t Obama Talk about Columbia?”, National Review Online, October 7, 2008; available online at: http://article.nationalreview.com/374119/why-wont-obama-talk-about-columbia/andrew-c-mccarthy [accessed March 15, 2010].

[44] Fredrick, The Obama Timeline, p. 63.

[45] Corsi, The Obama Nation, p. 137.

[46] Ibid.

[47] Fredrick, The Obama Timeline, p. 73.

[48] Cliff Kincaid, “Communism in Chicago and the Obama Connection”, p. 2-3, DiscovertheNetworks.org, n.d.; available online at: http://www.discoverthenetworks.org/Articles/chicago-obama%5B1%5D.pdf [accessed March 15, 2010].

[49] “Alice Palmer”, DiscovertheNetworks.org, copyright 2003-2009; available online at: http://www.discoverthenetworks.org/individualProfile.asp?indid=2325 [accessed March 15, 2010].

[50] P.J. Gladnick, “Will MSM Report on Obama Membership in Socialist New Party?”, NewsBusters, October 8, 2008; available online at: http://newsbusters.org/blogs/p-j-gladnick/2008/10/08/will-msm-report-obama-membership-socialist-new-party [accessed March 15, 2010].

[51] Judi McLeod, “The United Socialist States of America: A Messiah Manufactured by Marxism”, Canada Free Press, October 16, 2008; available online at: http://www.canadafreepress.com/index.php/article/5600 [accessed March 15, 2010].

[52] Fredrick, The Obama Timeline, p. 72.

[53] McLeod, “The United Socialist States of America: A Messiah Manufactured by Marxism”, op. cit.

[54] Fredrick, The Obama Timeline, p. 72.

[55] Erick Erickson, “Obama and the New Party”, Human Events, June 10, 2008; available online at: http://www.humanevents.com/article.php?id=26913 [accessed March 15, 2010].

[56] Ibid.

[57] Jim Simpson, “The Cloward-Piven Strategy, Part III: Conspiracy of the Lemmings”, American Daughter, October 27, 2008; available online at: http://frontpage.americandaughter.com/?p=2114 [accessed March 15, 2010].

[58] Ibid.

[59] Dee Gerrish, “Barack Obama’s Connections to Socialism, Communism and Racial Divisiveness”, Obama Watch Blog, December 18, 2009; available online at: http://www.obamawatchblog.com/2009/12/barack-obamas-connections-to-socialism-communism-and-racial-divisiveness/ [accessed May 23, 2010].

[60] Ibid.

[61] Ibid.

[62] Aaron Klein, “Another Weatherman Terrorist a Player in the Obama Campaign”, World Net Daily, September 26, 2008; available online at: http://www.wnd.com/index.php?fa=PAGE.view&pageId=76234 [accessed June 4, 2010].

[63] “Tom Hayden”, DiscovertheNetworks.org, copyright 2003-2009; available online at: http://www.discoverthenetworks.org/individualProfile.asp?indid=1334 [accessed March 15, 2010].

[64] Klein, “Another Weatherman Terrorist a Player in the Obama Campaign”, op. cit.

[65] Ibid.

[66] “Old American Red Groups”, The Red Encyclopedia, modified July 11, 2002; available online at: http://reds.linefeed.org/past.html [accessed March 15, 2010].

[67] “Communist Party (Marxist-Leninist) (USA)”, Wikipedia, modified March 15, 2010; available online at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Communist_Party_(Marxist%E2%80%93Leninist)_(USA) [accessed March 15, 2010].

[68] Andrew McCarthy, “Another Communist in Obama’s Orb”, National Review Online, October 22, 2008; available online at: http://article.nationalreview.com/376079/another-communist-in-obamas-orb/andrew-c-mccarthy?page=1 [accessed March 31, 2010].

[69] Fredrick, The Obama Timeline, p. 163.

[70] Susan Freis Falknor, “Is Barack Obama a ‘Red Diaper Baby’?”, Blue Ridge Forum, October 8, 2008; available online: http://blueridgeforum.com/?p=196 [accessed March 15, 2010].

[71] “Who is David Axelrod – Obama’s Political Advisor”, The Traditional Values Coalition, March 5, 2008; available online at: http://www.traditionalvalues.org/read/3275/who-is-david-axelrod--obamas-political-advisor/ [accessed March 15, 2010].


[73] “The Organization”, Democratic Socialists of America, n.d.; available online at: http://www.dsausa.org/about/index.html [accessed March 15, 2010].

[74] Ibid.

[75] Democrats Socialists of America, n.d.; available online at: http://www.dsausa.org/dsa.html [accessed March 15, 2010].

[76] Aaron Klein, “Newspaper Shows Obama Belonged to Socialist Party”, World Net Daily, October 24, 2008; available online at: http://www.wnd.com/index.php?fa=PAGE.view&pageId=78945 [accessed March 15, 2010].

[77] Steve Gilbert, “Democratic Socialists of US Back Obama”, Sweetness and Light, October 9, 2008; available online at: http://sweetness-light.com/archive/democratic-socialists-of-us-endorse-obama [accessed March 15, 2010].

[78] “Where We Stand”, Democratic Socialists of America, n.d.; available online at: http://www.dsausa.org/about/where.html [accessed March 15, 2010].

[79] “Democratic Socialists of America (DSA)”, DiscovertheNetworks.org, copyright 2003-2009; available online at: http://www.discoverthenetworks.org/groupProfile.asp?grpid=6428 [accessed March 15, 2010].

[80] Jim Simpson, “Conspiracy of the Lemmings: Barack Obama and the Conspiracy of the Manufactured Crisis; Part II”, Stop the ACLU, October 31, 2008; available online at: http://www.stoptheaclu.com/2008/10/31/conspiracy-of-the-lemmings-barack-obama-and-the-strategy-of-manufactured-crisis-part-ii/ [accessed March 15, 2010].

[81] El Marco, “America’s Tea Party Movement”, Looking at the Left, February 2010; available online at: http://www.lookingattheleft.com/2010/02/americas-teaparty-movement/ [accessed March 15, 2010].

[82] “Is Barack Obama a Marxist Mole?”, USA Survival News, n.d.; available online at: http://www.usasurvival.org/ck2.22.08.html [accessed April 28, 2010].

[83] Simpson, “The Cloward-Piven Strategy, Part III: Conspiracy of the Lemmings”, op. cit.

[84] “Cornel West”, DiscovertheNetworks.org, copyright 2003-2009; available online at: http://www.discoverthenetworks.org/individualProfile.asp?indid=813 [accessed March 16, 2010].

[85] Ibid.

[86] “The Candidates Allies, Associates, and Influences”, Global News Daily, copyright 2008-2010; available online at: http://www.globalnewsdaily.com/ [accessed March 16, 2010].

[87] Ibid.

[88] Ibid.

[89] “Raw Data: Transcript of Obama’s Notre Dame Address”, FoxNews.com, May 17, 2009; available online at: http://www.foxnews.com/politics/2009/05/17/raw-data-transcript-obamas-notre-dame-address/ [accessed March 16, 2010].

[90] Mark Steyn, “Live Free or Die”, Imprimis, April 2009; available online at: http://www.hillsdale.edu/news/imprimis/archive/issue.asp?year=2009&month=04 [accessed March 16, 2010].

[91] Barack Obama, “Barack Obama: My Spiritual Journey”, Time, October 16, 2006; available online at: http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,1546579,00.html [accessed April 1, 2010].

[92] “Vladimir Lenin Quotes”, Brainy Quotes, copyright 2010; available online at: http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/quotes/v/vladimirle125951.html [accessed March 16, 2010].

[93] Perry Hicks, “The Long March: It has been a 106 Year Struggle to Socialize America. If Action isn’t Taken Now, that Dream may soon be a Reality”, GulfCoastNews.com, April 1, 2009; available online at: http://www.gulfcoastnews.com/GCNanalysisLongMarch040109.htm [accessed April 28, 2010].

[94] David Horowitz, Unholy Alliance, p. 55.

[95] Sam Webb, “Off and Running: Opportunity of a Lifetime”, PoliticalAffairs.net, speech delivered at People’s Weekly World Event in Cleveland Ohio January 31, 2009; available online at: http://www.politicalaffairs.net/article/articleview/8085/ [accessed March 16, 2010].

[96] Fredreka Schouten, “Clinton Fundraisers Ready to Aid Obama, Party”, USA Today, June 13, 2008; available online at: http://www.usatoday.com/news/politics/election2008/2008-06-12-fundraisers_N.htm [accessed March 16, 2010].

[97] “Questions over Obama’s Off-the-Cuff Remark”, FoxNews.com, October 15, 2008; available online at: http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,438302,00.html [accessed June 9, 2010].





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